What are the different types of elections conducted in India?

Updated: Apr 4, 2019

General Election/MP Election/Lok sabha Election :

- General Election takes place once in 5 years to elect 543 members for the parliament.

- The candidate is chosen from direct people voting from a set of candidates who participate in their respective constituencies.

- A party needs 272 MPs to show majority and form the central government.

- If a party doesn't have 272 MPs, it can ally with other party/parties to form the government.

- Winning party leader/alliance takes oath as Prime Minister.

- Lok sabha meets on matters relating to creation of new law, removing or improving law for the sake of all the citizens of India.


.In 2014 General Election, BJP-led National Democratic Alliance(NDA) won a sweeping victory by taking 336 seats against Congress(UPA). Narendra Modi was elected as Prime Minister.

.In 2004 General Election, Congress-led United Progressive Alliance(UPA) won 218 seats and formed government with external support from allied parties. Manmohan Singh was elected as Prime Minister.


State Assembly Election/MLA Election:

- State Assembly Election takes place once in 5 years to elect members for the legislative assembly. Total strength of each assemble depends on each state's size and population.

- The candidate is chosen from direct people voting from a set of candidates who participate in their respective constituencies.

- Winning party leader/alliance takes oath as Chief Minister.

- Assembly meets on matters relating to creation of new law, removing or improving law for the sake of citizens of the particular state.


Rajya sabha Election:

- Rajya sabha candidates are not elected by direct voting, but by candidates who won in Lok sabha elections. The President of India can also nominate the candidates.

- The candidates will have a tenure of 6 years.

- Headed by Vice President, Rajya sabha is the second level review of any bill to become an act.

- When any bill comes to Rajya sabha from Lok sabha after discussion, it will discuss and approve or send back to Lok sabha for further discussion.


Local Body Election:

- The representatives are elected by people directly in a small locality for Corporations, Municipalities, Panchayats.

- The elections are conducted for every 5 years by State Election Commission.


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