What are the 64 arts of ancient India?

Updated: Dec 20, 2019

Arts were believed to play a crucial role in the development of a cultured individual in many parts of ancient India. Indian art forms have continuously evolved over thousands of years and rounded to 64 skillsets.


64 arts:


1. Geet vidya: art of singing.

2. Vadya vidya: art of playing on various musical instruments.

3. Nritya vidya: art of dancing.

4. Natya vidya: art of theatricals.

5. Alekhya vidya: art of painting.

6. Viseshakacchedya vidya: art of painting the face and body with color and cosmetics.

7. Tandula­kusuma­bali­vikara: art of preparing offerings from rice and flowers.

8. Pushpastarana: art of making a covering of flowers for a bed.

9. Dasana­vasananga­raga: art of applying preparations for cleansing the teeth, cloths and painting the body.

10. Mani­bhumika­karma: art of making the groundwork of jewels.

11. Aayya­racana: art of covering the bed.

12. Udaka­vadya: art of playing on music in water.

13. Udaka­ghata: art of splashing with water.

14. Citra­yoga: art of practically applying an admixture of colors.

15. Malya­grathana­vikalpa: art of designing a preparation of wreaths or garlands.

16. Sekharapida­yojana: art of practically setting the coronet on the head.

17. Nepathya­yoga: art of practically dressing in the tiring room.

18. Karnapatra­bhanga: art of decorating the tragus of the ear.

19. Sugandha­yukti: art of practical application of aromatics.

20. Bhushana­yojana: art of applying or setting ornaments.

21. Aindra­jala: art of juggling.

22. Kaucumara: a kind of art.

23. Hasta­laghava: art of sleight of hand.

24. Citra­sakapupa­bhakshya­vikara­kriya: art of preparing varieties of delicious food.

25. Panaka­rasa­ragasava­yojana: art of practically preparing palatable drinks and fruit juices.

26. Suci­vaya­karma: art of needle works and weaving.

27. Sutra­krida: art of playing with thread.

28. Vina­damuraka­vadya: art of playing on lute and small drum.

29. Prahelika: art of making and solving riddles.

30. Durvacaka­yoga: art of practicing language difficult to be answered by others.

31. Pustaka­vacana: art of reciting books.

32. Natikakhyayika­darsana: art of enacting short plays and anecdotes.

33. Kavya­samasya­purana: art of solving mysterious verses.

34. Pattika­vetra­bana­vikalpa: art of designing shield, cane and arrows.

35. Tarku­karma: art of spinning by spindle.

36. Takshana: art of carpentry.

37. Vastu­vidya: art of engineering.

38. Raupya­ratna­pariksha: art of testing silver and jewels.

39. Dhatu­vada: art of metallurgy.

40. Mani­raga jnana: art of judging jewels.

41. Akara jnana: art of mineralogy.

42. Vrikshayur­veda­yoga: art of practicing medicine using herbs.

43. Mesha­kukkuta­lavaka­yuddha­vidhi: art of knowing the mode of fighting of lambs, cocks and birds.

44. Suka­sarika­pralapana: art of maintaining or knowing conversation between male and female cockatoos.

45. Utsadana: art of healing or cleaning a person with perfumes.

46. Kesa­marjana­kausala: art of combing hair.

47. Akshara­mushtika­kathana: art of talking with fingers.

48. Dharana­matrika: art of the use of amulets.

49. Desa­bhasha­jnana: art of knowing provincial dialects.

50. Nirmiti­jnana: art of knowing prediction by heavenly voice.

51. Yantra­matrika: art of mechanics.

52. Mlecchita­kutarka­vikalpa: art of fabricating barbarous or foreign sophistry.

53. Samvacya: art of conversation.

54. Manasi kavya­kriya: art of composing verse.

55. Kriya­vikalpa: art of designing a literary work or a medical remedy.

56. Chalitaka­yoga: art of practicing as a builder of shrines.

57. Abhidhana­kosha­cchando­jnana: art of using lexicography and meters.

58. Vastra­gopana: art of concealment of cloths.

59. Dyuta­visesha: art of knowing specific gambling.

60. Akarsha­krida: art of playing with dice or magnet.

61. Balaka­kridanaka: art of using children’s toys.

62. Vainayiki vidya: art of enforcing discipline.

63. Vaijayiki vidya: art of gaining victory.

64. Vaitaliki vidya: art of awakening the master with music at dawn.